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Conference highlighting Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict held in US

25.05.2017 | 18:00

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A conference titled “South Caucasus: The threats and challenges for the Trump Administration” has been held in Washington, the US.

The event saw speeches by founder and director of the Center for Energy Natural Resources Ariel Cohen, Director of Caspian Strategy and Policy Centre Efgan Niftiyev Director of Foreign Policy Centre at the Heritage Foundation Luke Coffey.

Ariel Cohen highlighted the strategic importance of the Southern Caucasus region for the US.

Efgan Niftiyev said Azerbaijan and Georgia are the strategic ally of the US, saying these countries share the same interests in strategic transport and energy projects. On significance of the Southern Gas Corridor project Mr. Niftiyev stressed the necessity of continuing the US support.

The Director also highlighted the cause and consequences of the Armenia-Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

On importance of increasing the attention to the regional conflicts by the US new administration, Luke Coffey said the Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounded regions were occupied, stressing the necessity of implementation of same approach to solving all conflicts.

 

AZERTAC

“Legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in occupied territories of Azerbaijan” circulated as document of UN General Assembly and Security Council

25.05.2017 | 17:55

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The document entitled “Legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan”, presented by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations were circulated as a document of the General Assembly and the Security Council.

The above-mentioned document was prepared at the request of the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan by the eminent international lawyer, Allain Pellet, who is also a Emeritus professor at Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense and a former member (1990-2011) and Chair (1997) of the International Law Commission.

“Against the background of the uninterrupted attempts of Armenia to cover up its unlawful actions and depart from its commitments and obligations by means of misinterpretation of the international legal norms and principles and Security Council resolutions, Azerbaijan has consistently promoted the critical importance of upholding international law and its faithful application with a view to achieving a long-awaited breakthrough in resolving the conflict and ending the occupation of the territories of Azerbaijan and the suffering of the peoples affected by the Armenian aggression.

Numerous documents on legal aspects of the conflict have been prepared by Azerbaijan and were circulated with the UN and other international organization and has brought to the attention of the international community. In particular, the Republic of Azerbaijan submitted to the Secretary-General the reports on the legal consequences of the armed aggression of the Republic of Armenia against the Republic of Azerbaijan, on the fundamental norm of the territorial integrity of States and the right to self-determination in the light of Armenia’s revisionist claims, on the international legal responsibilities of Armenia as the belligerent occupier of Azerbaijani territory and on the international legal rights of the Azerbaijani internally displaced persons and the Republic of Armenia’s responsibility.

Meanwhile, the Republic of Azerbaijan submitted to the Secretary General a comprehensive report of Ministry of Foreign Affairs on “Illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan” which demonstrated, through facts, figures and statistical data, that Armenia’s policy and practices in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan were in breach of international law, undermined the prospects of achieving a political settlement of the conflict and posed an imminent threat to peace, security and stability in the region.

The legal opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan provides an authoritative neutral view, which contributes to a better understanding of the existing legal commitments and requirements for addressing the resolution of the conflict and related issues and offers concrete measures that might be taken in that regard.

In the document Armenia’s illegal economic and other activities are classified below, legal justification of Armenia’s wrongfully acts and legal opinions on legal responsibilities of third parties are provided:

– Establishment of settlements/encouraging transfer of Armenian population into the occupied territories;

– Exploitation and trade of natural recourses of Azerbaijan;

– Economic and financial activities;

– Change in infrastructure and exploitation of the telecommunication network;

– Alteration of the cultural character and heritage of the occupied territories;

– Promotion of the occupied territories as a touristic destination, organization of illegal visits and other activities

According to the main findings of the legal opinion, Armenia is responsible for internationally wrongful acts, several of which constitute serious breaches of obligations arising from peremptory norms of general international law. These include, most notably:

– The use of force in order to impose the de facto secession of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and other districts of Azerbaijan occupied by Armenia in violation of the Charter of the United Nations;

– The ensuing violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan;

– The ethnic cleansing of the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, including the establishment of settlements and the transfer of populations resulting in the change of the demographic composition of those territories;

– The gross violations of the law of belligerent occupation, in particular of article 43 of the Regulations respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land of 1907 and article 49 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 1949;

– The exploitation of the natural recourses of the occupied territories without consideration for the primacy of the interests of the population (as it existed before the ethnic cleansing of the region);

– The alteration of the cultural heritage of the region.

The legal opinion makes it clear that the after mentioned serious breaches call for the application of the special consequences resulting from aggravated responsibility namely:

– The non-recognition of the situation created by such breaches;

– The prohibition of aid or assistance in maintaining that situation;

– The exclusion of any immunities for the authors of these breaches

– All States are required to invoke responsibility and to take measures against it, including by means of sanctions, as well as criminal prosecutions and civil proceedings.

The rule of law shall be basis of international relations and conflict resolution processes.

We call on international community, relevant international organizations, OSCE Minsk Group co-chair states, foreign legal and natural persons to take into consideration Legal Opinion on third party obligations with respect to illegal economic and other activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan and other fundamental legal reports regarding legal aspects of Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.”

AZERTAC

Polish magazine dedicates article to Khojaly genocide

23.05.2017 | 17:54

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The Polish magazine Ambasador has published an article on the 25th anniversary of the Khojalygenocide.

 

The article have been published in 2,000 copies and are being distributed to all ministries and state bodies of Poland, as well as to diplomatic missions accredited in the country. Copies are also on sale in a number of bookstores in the country, the Azerbaijani Embassy in Poland told APA.

 

The article writes that on February 25-26, 1992, Armenia’s armed forces, together with the 366th infantry regiment of Soviet troops, stationed in Khankendi, committed an act of genocide against the population of the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly. As many as 613 people were killed in the massacre and some 1,275 residents were taken hostage. It also mentions that the world’s popular information sources like The Sunday Times, Newsweek, The New York Times, Time, The Washington Times, etc. wrote about this genocide and even Leonid Kravets’s testimony was referred to.

 

In the end, the article invites readers to join the “Justice for Khojaly” company by visiting www.justiceforkhojaly.org in order for no such massacres to take place in the future.

Apa.az

Mogherini: Karabakh conflict needs early political settlement

23.05.2017 | 16:57

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The European Union believes the status quo is unsustainable and the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict needs an early political settlement in accordance with international law, EU High Representative and Vice-President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini said.

Mogherini made the remarks at the press-conference following the 17th meeting of the EU-Armenia Cooperation Council in Brussels May 23.

“The European Union continues to fully support the mediation efforts and proposals of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs,” Mogherini added.

The Armenian delegation was headed by the country’s foreign minister Edward Nalbandian.

The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war, in 1992 Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven surrounding districts.

The 1994 ceasefire agreement was followed by peace negotiations. Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.

 

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