Azerbaijan people have been remembering Khojali tragedy with great grief for 22 years. It is unconscious how the international democrats ignore the crimes committed by Armenians, the shooting and killing of hundreds of innocent people, taking hostages savagely. How is it possible to be so indifferent? If such a slaughter happened to the English or the French, how would the international organizations considering themselves the supporters of human rights, western countries and international courts behave? We, Azeri people realize and know that Khojali tragedy was committed by the regiment 366 of Russian army and they will have to response for it whenever. But why don’t UNO and its Security Council which were established for the protection of human rights in the world, crazy out the conclusions accepted against Armenia?
Whatever people say, we are sure that the main reason of all the tragedies happened to us our negligence. If it wasn’t so, the massacres committed by Armenians in 1905, 1918, 1920 wouldn’t have forgotten, the enemy Armenian Republic wouldn’t have been established in account of our native lands Goyche and Zengezur, dashnak grandchildren wouldn’t have been given “excellent positions” which would solve people’s fate. Finally, our lands wouldn’t have been shared by portions singing “Hayastan-Azerbaijan have been brothers”
The more we don’t learn from these historical examples, the more our enemies get more violent. As long as the devil’s head hasn’t been hurt, there will be no peace for us.
Most people consider that Armenian invasion in Nagorno Karabakh dates back 1988, but we think this must be 1984. At that time the first secretary of the Party Committee of Khankendi region called Stepanakert, Grigoryan the director of the international affairs office of ARPK Agajanyan made reprisals against the local Azerbaijanis in the village of Pirenechi, the people were killed wildly, the village was knocked down. But after this unjust event the people who were guilty, weren’t punished and nothing was put forward in connection with the incident. The Armenians not having been punished for it got relaxed and then committed Topkhana events.
After the abolishing of the USSR, Armenia gained independence, supporting terror on state level, made terrorism the main means of aggressive policy. A number of facts, court materials prove that the terrorist actions made against Azeri people and also inside transport means were financed by Armenian government and carried out by special service organs of the state.
At the beginning of the 90s Armenian official circles launched a wide-range campaign with the aim of the rehabilitation of the members of such terrorist organizations of Armenia as “Dashnaksutun”, ASALA, MAG, “Armenian unity” , “Armenian Freedom Front”, crated conditions for their activities, housing and supporting them financially.
Armenian armed forces’ attack to Khojali can be connected with the available, strategical located location of the city. Khoajli with the population of 7000 was situated in 10 km south-east from Khankendi, in the mountainous range of Karabakh and on the ways of Agdam-Shusha, Askeran-Khankendi. The only airport in Karabakh was in Khojali. This fact can be known from the interview of present Armenian president Serj Sarkisyan to Tomas de Vall, the program director of the USA Karnegy Foundation, the well-known British expert on Karabakh. In his interview the participant of Khojali massacre Serj Sarkisyan says: “Once Khojali bored Karabakh, as there was an airport, the only means of connection with Armenia was air transport, as there was OMON, they researched something, arrested people”.
In 1988 on February 12 when Armenians made the first nationalist speech in Askeran region, a day later the second secretary of former Azerbaijan CPCC Konovalov was driven out disgracefully from the meeting of Armenian actives, the first lines of the tragedy was already being written. The next day on February 14 the armed forces of republic MIA were sent to the region of Askeran-Stepanakert and were returned without doing anything. They were replaced by the troops of USSR Armed Forces.
Khojali city was formed by 4 settlement – Khojali, Galaderesi, Dereleyez and Hasanabad villages. Khojali had 1000 inhabitants until the events of 1988 year. The total area was 160,2 ha. The city was located 14 km from Khankendi – in north – eastern part. Until November of 1992 year, that is by the time Khojali was encircled by Armenians 5800-5900 people lived there.
In this city 50 Mehseti turks deportated from Uzbekistan, 80 families forced to leave their settlements in Armenia, 210 families deported from various parts of Karabakh and 50 families moved from other parts of the republic, were inhabited.
In November of 1991 after USSR MIA troops were driven out Nagorno Karabakh the road-way to Khojali was blocked, the connection was possible only by “AZALAERO” helicopters in 1992 on January 28 by Armenians, the contact was completely cut.
The providing of the city with electricity was prevented from January 2. The city was defended by the local self-protection groups who have only shooting guns. Of Course, these groups were not able to show any resistance to the armed units provided with the latest military techniques and prepared properly beforehand. From the second half of February Khojali was completely encircled by Armenian armed units. All the efforts made by local people were prevented. The Armenian journalist wrote affirming this fact: “Telephones were out of order in Khojali. was working there. There was no electricity or oil to burn. There was no water. The only thing that connected Khoajli with the out world was helicopter which faced with danger every moment. As it was getting dark the blockade of Khojali was felt more and more. In the morning I saw motionless people standing in one place. There was no tea-house or restaurant around”.
During research it becomes clear that the well-organized group of 26 people having a special training in the military camp, belonging to “ASALA” terrorist organization were already in Khankendi from January and with the consent of the commander of regiment 366, Yuri Zarvigarov they were ready to take part in attack plan against Khojali.
In the operation Artillery division of the regiment 366, Zenit artillery, Tank rota, 23 PDM, 463rd special chemical protection group consisting of Russians, N909 special intelligence officer battalion got ready to participate. In 1992 on 23 January 194 lezgin, tatar, gazakh, uzbek and other Moslem soldiers of the regiment 366 were led out. The dismissed military men were replaced by the terrorists acted in France, the USA, Libiya and other countries.
4 days before Khojali event, on February 22 the assembly of Security Council took place with the participation of the head minister, the chairman of MNS and others. At the meeting such a decision was made that if the people were led out Khojali, the Armenians would accept it as a cause to enter the city. That’s we ourselves would force them to get Khojali. Even the members of the Security Council didn’t believe that Armenians could commit such a genocide. They thought, they would give Khojali to Armenians if the people left the city. So the lack of far – seeing, not knowing the situation led to Khojali tragedy.
The attack operation to Khojali was headed by the officers of the regiment 366 Seyran Ohanyan (at present – the “minister of defence” of the artificial formation in 9 occupied part of Nagorno Karaabkh established by Armenia), Yevgeni Nabokikh, Valeri Chitchyan. The names of most military servants who took an active in torturing helpless people in Khojali massacre are known to Azeri people.
During the attack to Khojali “Strela-10” rocket construction was used. The chemicals containing in this are very dangerous, so that poisoning remains for a long time in the place where they are used. For this reason in the conventions signed in 1973, 1982, 1984, 1985 the use of this rocket was prohibited.
In spite that prohibited Armenia applied them in Khojali, but it hasn’t been punished by the international organizations yet.
In the interrogation it was determined that Armenian armed forces attacked against Khojali city at nearly 22 o’clock. First they shot with submachine guns. Then by a number of heavy tanks, PDM and armoured carriers the Armenian savages entered the city and began to torture the sleeping, peaceful people. They shot woman, children, old people dead, killed them by PDM and other machinery, without feeling pity. The preparation for attack to Khojali began with the use of military machinery of the regiment 366. The attack started with fire from submachine guns, tanks, zenith guns of Alazan type for 2 hours. The inhabitants had to run in the direction of Askeran as Khojali was attacked by there sides. Soon it became clear that it was a fraud. Near the village Nakhchivanik the people were fronted by Armenian armed units and were shot by guns.
The people who managed to escape from encirclement were killed by Armenians brutally. The wild slaughters peeled the skin of people’s heads, cut their organs, pulled out children’s eyes, pregnant women’s stomachs were drilled, buried the alive people or brunt them and mined the dead bodies.
Let’s see some people’s names and happenings about those who were killed with special cruelty:
Telman Orujov, born in 1956, head skin was peeled; Yelmar Abdulov, born in 1949, head skin was peeled; Fitat Hasanova, the hands were cut; Bahadur Selimov, born in 1928, the body was burnt, Igbal Aslanov burn in 1970, was burnt, organs were cut, Dilara Nuraliyeva, the eyes were pulled out, breasts were cut; Firangiz Kerimova, born in 1935, the body was cut into pieces, eyes were pulled out, the breasts were cut; Firuz Kerimov, born in 1960, burnt alive; Allahverdi Huseynov, aged 88, burnt alive; Agayev Imani, born in 1989, burnt alive; Jabrail Rajabov, born in 1961; eyes were pulled out, ears were cut; Janan Farzaliyev, burnt alive; Anahat Humbatova, born in 1976; eyes were pulled out, breasts were cut; Hafiz Nuriyev, the head was cut; Hidayet Eyvazov, born in 1964; the head was cut; Vidadi Mustafayev, born in 1961; the head was cut alive on the grave of an Armenian; Tavakkul Amirov, born in 1955, burnt alive; Ahmad Isayev, burn in 1968, head was cut with knife…
Although there were 12 BMP, 12 T-72 tanks, 44 BRDM, 4 QRAD, 3000 shooting guns, more than 3000 forces in the areas near Khojali, no one was sent to help. During Khojali events there were 7 helicopters in Bina, but none of them flew to save the people of Khojali. Only Agdam self-protection groups attacked to Askeran, Garagaya height was got. It is false to establish a corridor for civil citizens in Khojali. The place where most people were killed in Khojali was the one called “corridor”. Some official and non-official sources claim that during Khojali massacre 613 Azeri people died. But not all of them were killed. Some of them died of frost when escaping. More than 60 of dead people were children. Besides it, nearly 490 Khojali inhabitants were wounded, over 1270 were taken prisoners. But the exactness of these figures seems doubtful.
It was said that there were about 7000 inhabitants in Khojali before encirlement. On the eve of invasion this number was fallen to approximately 2500. The fact that be number of the dead was much more, can be confirmed as in Khojali as well as local people there were Azeri refugees from Armenia and Akhishka Turks deportated from Uzbekistan.
R-14 information titled “Khojali in flames” by “Azerinform” about the crime against humanity in Khojali was sent to Azerbaijan television, but wasn’t allowed to release in spite of SOS signal wanted.
After the military operation in Khojali the regiment 366 were hurriedly sent to Georgia in order to cover their participation in the crime. At that time most of the military machinery, that is 9 tanks,4 armoured carriers, 70 unmounted fight cars, 4 “Strela-10” rocket construction, 8 guns, 57 mortar guns and other guns were handed in Armenians and were used in further crimes.
The participation of the Armenian president Serj Sarkisyan in the crimes has been proved in his interview with the well-known journalist, the author of the book “Karabakh” dealing with Karabakh conflict, Thomas de Vaal. Sarkisyan admits that Khojali plan was based on the massacre policy against innocent people. He states: “Azerbaijanis thought they were joking with us until Khojali. They wouldn’t think that Armenians could touch peaceful people. 10 it was necessary to change the opinions about us. And we died so”.
Other Armenians also admit Khojali tragedy to be a massacre. One of them is Nazaryan who wrote the worst, the most bloody works. He has got a special folder named “Khojali event” on the internet. It writes: “It is out of the question that Khojali events are like genocide, they remind us of a genocide”. That is, as we see even the most deceitful Armenian admits Khojali massacre and it is a very important question. Canadian Armenian, lawyer Vaskel Sitaryan writes in the newspaper “Levante” published in Spain in 1992 on March 26: “We – Armenians disgraced ourselves all over the world in connection with Khojali tragedy. There will be hard international courts for us. Who will carry Armenian nation to courts?”
One of the representatives of Helsinki Civil Assembly on Nagorno Karabakh, Karen Ohanjonyan says in the interview: “I’m the only person in Armenia who has personally apologized for the cruelty and violence against Azeri people in Khojali”.
In the Azerbaijan Republic in court case dealing with Khojali tragedy 3000 people were interrogated as witnesses and victims . More than 800 expertises have been done. As a result the participation of 39 people in the massacre has been proved (18 of them were the military servants of the regiment 366 of the former USSR’s Defence Ministry, 8 of them were the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Khankendi and Askeran ). At the moment they are being searched. The special violence of Khojali tragedy is confirmed by the international media. I must state a writing in Russian newspaper “Moskovski Komsomolets” in 1994 on January 29: “We saw prisoners from Khojali. But they weren’t fit to live there. They were thrown onto the ice early in the morning. Armenians throw cold water over their head, broke glass on them. I witnessed an Armenian cutting an Azeri child to pieces. Then he began to hit the child’s mother with the pieces so hard that the woman went mad and began laughing”.
The official of “Frant line news” telecompany of England Rori Patricks stated on TV:”I saw tens of dead bodies changed into ugly faces near the village Nakhchivanik (around Khojali). They were population of Khojali – children, woman and old people”.
It has been determined through expertizes that in the result of destroying and plundering of Khojali Azerbaijan state and citizens were damaged for over 140 million manat. Interrogation is being done at the moment.
We must make the world concentrate on the character and method of the question so that in the culture of the world at the end of XX century such a vandalism was committed. In this statement we consider that Khojali event is the repetition of those happened in Khatin and Lidiche. We should make proper steps according to Khatin and Lidiche. They became the subject of the international low, entered the text books; now we should try to make Khojali tragedy known in the world. If there is a museum in Khatin, why not to create a Khojali museum? The event happened in Khojali aren’t very old. There are neither of 1915 year’s nor 1943-1944 years’ event, there are today’s tragedies. There is no other massacre in the world as Khojali which has appeared in recordings and photos.
The incredible brutality committed in Khojali by Armenians showed that we have very dangerous national enemies that are always ready to drink our blood! What’s more they live very near, in our neighbourhood. This event also showed that how the other enemy – position greed could lead people into danger. Humanity created “Red Book” about rare and disappearing animals. And where is the “Red Book” of Khojali and its vanished population? What are those that historians have written? Today we shouldn’t prepare memory days, but we must arrange legal documents for the justice to Khojali and make all the world know about it, trying to make guilty people be punished.
The scientific official of NSAA,
The chairman of the Diaspora and Lobby Scientific Research centre,
The professor of Political Philosophy,