First of all, it should be noted that, as the every detail of Azerbaijan’s culture is being an indicator of rich past so we can be a witness of the highest aesthetic values.
Being invaluable of our culture served as a background for shaping the art of other countries. In this sense, we observed our enemies’ falsification efforts against pearls of Azerbaijan constantly. However, the drawings over the literary patterns, ethnographic characteristics, the authors’ seals, etc. reflected the truth. We can see it in the pearl of Agdam city clearly.
Stone statues. In 1971, near the village of Aghdam Boyahmedli, monuments were found from place called Gavur-Gala attracts our attention especially. Shown patterns can concern the first medium hundred years. At the point of Study of Art it should be emphasized that, although the Christianity existed officially in Azerbaijan the belief still remained great Goddess as indicator of traditional ancient Turkic faith. This stone statue can be valued as the carrier of these features. We can say courageously that this statue , which depicts a group of human figures one of the most original plastic art patterns founded in Azerbaijan territory. Despite very schematic manner, being made out of real proportions these plastic art patterns embrace strongly a person with its magnificence and different appearance . We can easily imagine that these erected statues about one thousand five hundred years ago on the hill, or the crossroad how could influence the people of its time.
Especially in the figure hanging up of his hands folded on the breast, eyes looking up to the heavens has been described original style. The height of the largest monument is 3 meters which we are talking about. Although these statues differ in terms of style figures founded from Tovuz and Shamakhi they have a lot of terms which resemble each other. We can see resemblance in their static stance, position of hands, at the size, in ethnic type, being a long-haired. This similarity proves that at that time there was a celebration of local style, common national culture in the territory of Azerbaijan. This common style proves that these art patterns belong to Azerbaijani Turks.
At the beginning of the XIV century, stone tombs were widespread . Such constructions can be found in the territory of Agdam region. The Khachin turbetli mausoleum has a rare disposition. This unique monument, located in the village of Aghdam Khachinturbetli rising above the octagonal socle, which is relatively small in body composition have been completed. Over the tomb surrounded by an octagonal pyramid dome masterly. In this monument the main feature drawing attention to the monument is not its size, it is a unique way to constuct the traditional structure. The existence of the underground part of the Khachinturbetli tomb-mausoleum is a key attribute to include it tower-shaped tombs group . The internal surfaces of the monument, both inside and outside surfaces of the trim of the dome gives the unique individual feature to the building. It is known from an inscription over the entrance door of Khachinturbetli it was built by Ustad Shahbenzer on the grave of Kutlu, the son of Musa in 1314.
It needs to emphasize with special sensitivity that the name of architect shown on the monument is purely Turkish- Muslim origin determines the true root of construction. The richest part of Kahchinturbetli consist of architecture of the inner surface and stalactitical structure of its inner dome. The outer surfaces were trimmed with shallow cavity and the upper part of these cavities were surrounded by arches. The structure of the tomb made the general view of monument diverse and interesting.
The important detail in general compositional view of the Kahchinturbetli mausoleum its cover form pyramid dome made from stone-pans . Animal pictures in the entrance surface and inside of the Khachinturbetli mausoleum is extremely praiseworthy. It is important to emphasize the wild animals desciptions among them. Among the Azerbaijan architectural monuments exist patterns, reminiscent of the images over the Bail Castle in Baku (XIII century) . Inner stalactite-shaped dome of Kahchinturbetli reminds us composition of carved stone of Shirvan architecture .
The decorations applied over the monument consist of a symmetric animal description located in uneven arches outside of the tomb. There were given winged griffon with lion, an ox with lion, dear with lion, two rabbits and shattered gazelle by lion descriptions. Depending on the size and nature of applied animal carvings on the monument has been constructed at different scales. For example, on the surface cover the arches there was described face to face small figures of two rabbits and behind part of the tomb towards to forest and mountains, in a large plan the struggle of lion with gazelle image. Despite the different sizes of the images over the monument, they were created in a unified technical style. Dark-red paint marks on some of the animal figures show that they were coloured beforehand. Although the paintings engraved over the tomb has local features we can come across over a lot of architectural monuments- the reliefs, carvings, drawings like them in the Eastern world. From this point of view the descriptions of Khachinturbetli mausoleum are similar to the decorations of Ulu Jami Mosque in the city of Diyarbakir, Turkey.
We can come across engraving of brutes’ pictures over the architectural monuments not only in one region but also in the erected monuments in the other region of Azerbaijan. All this was drawn not in the form of relief, more superficial and in the drawing mode. We can add the pictures of Malik Ajdar mausoleum near the Jijimli village of the Lachin region to the list of decorated monuments.
At present, the Armenian’s falsification of cultural value in the occupied
territories has also affected to Agdam. Nevertheless, every detail of our monuments, origin, author signature on the monuments and other factors are able to prove the truth to the world community.
1. Efendiev R. The material-cultural examples of Azerbaijan. Baku, 1960.
2. Giyasi Jafar. In the far and near countries. Bakı, 1985
3. Rasim Efendi. Stones speak. Baku, 1980
4. Sh.H. Sadıgzade. The ancient Azerbaijan ornaments. Baku, 1971
5. Salamzade A. V. The architectural monuments of Azerbaijan. Baku, 1958
6. M. Seyidov. The sources of Azerbaijan mythical thinking. Baku, 1983
7. Niyazi Mehdi. The esthetic culture of Azerbaijan in the Middle Ages. Baku, 1981
8. Askerova N.S. Architectural Ornament of Azerbaijan. Baku, 1961.
9. Rasim Efendi. The stone sculpture of Azerbaijan. Baku, 1986.