The points that lead to learning history, old times are measured such mind forms as art and culture. From this point any stone, metal or statue having a historical secret make a connection between the modern and ancient people. That is as time goes on, stones, rocks, metals can speak to people. First of we’d like to note that Karabakh Khanate was founded in the eighteenth century. It was located in the area of the Kur and the Araz rivers. The Khanate was bordered on Irevan, Nahkchivan, Sheki, Shamakhi, Javad, Karadag Khanates. Its centre was Shusha city. It was divided into mahals administratively. The villages were ruled by kendkhudas and yuzbashis, the towns were ruled by galabeyi and kelenters.
In the area of the Khanate the people from Kebirli, Ziyadoglu, Javanshir, Baharli, Otuzikiler tribes were settled.
New state traditions and art species were forming with the establishment of the Khanate. The forming state traditions appeared both in economical activity and in the art. One can witness unique art species in all types and jenres of art and culture. Especially, in this meaning the main point attracting attentive was the existance of coins.
While researching the coins nowadays two different and important points attract our attention. On the one hand our national coins considered as the symbols of independence, development and statism have caused interest from the point of view of art. These coins were not only the measure of money, but also the species of art. They meet the best and perfect requirements of beauty. It proves that Karabakh people having a great taste managed to make humble coins as species of art. However we’d like to let you that the coins made in the region of Pashali khan aren’t known to us. During his reign of Ibrahimkhalil khan statism traditions developed, social-economic situation improved, successful local and foreign policy tendency was formed. All these processes strengthened goods-money relations. As the result of Ibrahimkhalil khan’s reform panahabadi money was umficated and could meet needs in money circulation. On the coin called panahabadi there was a writing “Ya Kerim”, as a symbol of religion. This money reform showed that Ibrahimkhalil khan and his vizir outstanding Azeri poet and thinker Molla Panah Vaqif carried out independent and right policy. However, at the time of Gajars Ibrahimkhalil khan was forced to make new coins by the name of Fatali khan.
In the reign of Mehdigulu khan though Ibrahim khan’s son and grandson ruled the khanate, it had formal character. In his reign Northern Azerbaijan was occupied by Russia again. For this reason Mehdigulu khan made the picture of Russian empire crown on the coins. In sprite of this in this reign there existed silver abbasis on which “sun and moon” distiches were written as shia element. Those elements were the basics of the money.
Dealing with money materials it should be mentioned silver and copper were mainly used. The offer point attracting attention was the highest nominal value of Karabakh coins of all the denominations at the time.
The nominal value of panahabadi might have been equal five hundred dinars. it shows that Karabakh coins were greatly valued at that time.
Taking into consideration the facts, we can come to conclusion that we witness the unique style of Karabakh art in the process of making coins. It should also be mentioned that at present scientific research is being done connected to Karabakh coins, their utilitar and esthetic function. Especially, in this field we’d rather mention the prominent professor Ali Rajabli, who has specialized in numizmatics.
Unfortunately, as Karabakh has been occupied by enemies, it has become harder to do any scientific research in that area. But we must take into consideration that only Azerbaijan are able to understand, explore and research these valuable species. For this reason, as it was mentioned at the beginning of the article, the species belonging to us well only speak, talk to and get used to us…
The literature used:
Ali Rajabli “Azerbaijan coins”
Khalg bank 2012.