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The regions where Azerbaijanis lived in Armenian SSR

08.10.2012 | 12:45

1349682342_1349160138_xerite-qerbi-az-1903The regions where Azerbaijanis lived in Armenian SSR
In 1996 regional division in Armenian SSR abolished. The whole country divided into 10 marza- provinces: Araqarsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Vayots, Dzor, Geqarkunik, Kotayk, Lori, Sunik, Tavush, Shirak and Yerevan with marz rights. So, the Irevan khanate period administrative territory divisions were restored. Only the word “mahal” substituted with the word “marz”. By the way, “marz” is a Turkish word and means “harvest place”. The administrative units of Armenian SSR is shown in this book as Azerbaijani people lived in the areas named names of that period until they were driven away in 1988. Because of this, we will inform not due to the marzs but due to the regions of Armenian SSR.
Abovyan region (now is under the Kotayk marz)- the old name is Eller. This is the oldest Turkish name in Armenia. This name is used in Urartu sources in VIII century BC. It was organized in 1930. In 1930-1961 named Kotayk, then Abovyan. In 1990 again named Kotayk region. In 1931 year 204 Azerbaijani, in 1950 204, in 1970 198 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 3.1, 0.6 and 0.3 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 there were 17 villages where Azerbaijanis lived. In 1986 this count was 0.

Amasiya region (now is under the Shirak marz)- the old name is Aqbaba. The region has boundaries with Turkey in the west, with Georgia in the south. It was organized in 1930. In 1931 had 8824, in 1959 9061, in 1970 15002 Azerbaijani population. This is equal to 70.3, 70.6 and 80.9 percent of the region population. There were 26 Azerbaijani villages in 1931, 19 in 1986.
Ararat region (now is under the Ararat marz)- has boundaries with Turkey in the west, with Nakhcivan in the south. It was organized in 1930. Its name was Vedi in 1930-1968. Was named Ararat since 1968. There lived 10524 in 1931, in 1950 5559, in 1970 85.1 Azerbaijani in the region. This is equal to 48.8, 14.4 and 12.2 percent of the region population. There were 50 in 1931, 4 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.
Artasharat region (now is under the Ararat marz)- was organized in 1930. Has boundaries with Turkey in the west. Was named Qambarli in 1930-1945. This name means the name of old Turkish tribe. There were 3410 in 1931, 210 in 1959, 300 in 1970 Azerbaijani in the region. This is equal to 10.2, 0.4, 0.4 percent of the whole ( 92.5 thousand people) region population. In 1931 there were 29 Azerbaijani villages. In 1986 this count went down to 0.

Echmiadzin region ( now is under the Armavir marz) – is situated in the west of the republic. Has boundaries with Turkey. Was organized in 1930. The region was named Echmiadzin in 1827, Vagarshabat in 1940, Echmiadzin in 1945 and again Vagarshabat now.
Ashtarak (now is under the Araqatsotn marz) – was organized in 1931. 912 Azerbaijani in 1931, 171 in 1959, and 111 Azerbaijani in 1970 lived in this region. This is equal to 2.8, 0.4 and 0.2 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 Azerbaijani lived in 12 villages. There is not any Azerbaijani village since 1986.

Gorush region ( now is under Sunik marz)- is situated in the east of the republic. Has boundaries with Azerbaijani. Was organized in 1930. Now the name is Qoris. There were 452 Azerbaijani in 1931, 801 in 1959, 1184 in 1970 in this region. This is equal to 1.7, 2.7, 3.4 percent of the whole region population. In Gorush region in 1959 38 Azerbaijani, in 1970 57 Azerbaijani lived. There were 5 in 1931, 3 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Hoktemberyan region ( now is under the Armavir marz)- the old name is Qurdqulu. Has boundaries with Turkey. Was organized in 1930. In different times was named Sardarabad, Armavir and Hoktemberyan. In 1992 was named Armavir. There were 1187 Azerbaijani in 1931. This is equal to 4.6 percent of the whole population. There were 6 Azerbaijani villages in 1931. Since 1986 there is not any.

Hrazdan region ( Now is under the Kotayk marz)- it was organized in the center of the republic, in the area of old Daracicek province in 1930 by name Axta region. It was named Hrazdan in 1959. There were 1859 in 1931, 1779 in 1959, 2089 in 1970 Azerbaijani population. This is equal to 3.6, 6.9, 4.9 percent of the whole population. There were 9 Azerbaijani villages. Since 1986 there is not any.

Icevan Region (now is under the Tavush marz)- the old name is Karvansara. It is situated in north- east of the Republic. Has boundaries with Azerbaijan. Was organized in 1930. In 1931 1508, in 1950 2120, in 1970 3022 Azerbaijani lived in this region. This is equal to 5.6, 7.6, 8.1 percent of the whole region population. In 1959 64, in 1970 48 Azerbaijani lived in Icevan city. There were 7 in 1931, 6 in 1986 Azerbaijani village there.

Kamo region (now is under the Geqarkunik marz) – the old name is Kever. It comes from the name of Keber tribe of Khazars. It is situated in the center of the Republic. Was organized in 1930. First was named Nor-Bayazet in 1930-1959, in 1959 Kamo and now is Qavar. In 1931 982, in 1959 200, in 1970 56 Azerbaijani lived there. This is 2.9 percent of the whole population in 1931. There were 7 villages in 1931 where Azerbaijani lived. Since 1986 there is no any Azerbaijani village.

Krasnoselsk region ( now is under the Geqarkunik marz)- The old name is Cemberek ( in Azerbaijan Turkish it means the low place in the mountatin). It was named Mixaylovka in 1920. In 1937 they changed the name in honor of the XI Red Army Krasnoselo, and at last was named Krasnoselsk in 1972- 1991. In 1991 It again was named Cemberek. Situated in the east of the Republic. Has boundaries with Azerbaijan. In 1931 7373, in 1959 9283 and in 1970 13352 Azerbaijani families lived there. This is equal to 23.5, 38.7, and 50.8 percent of the region population. There were 19 in 1931 and 13 in 1986 Azerbaijani village there.

Qafan region ( now is under the Sunik marz)- It is situated in the south-east of the republic. Was organized in 1930. It is named Kapan since 1990. In 1931 5713, in 1959 11146, in 1970 13522 Azerbaijani lived in the region. This is equal to 21.5, 33.1 and 37.3 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 50 village, in 1986 21 village were consist of Azerbaijanis.

Quqark region ( now is under the Lori marz)- is situated in the north of the Republic. Was organized in 1930. It was named Boyuk Qarakilse in 1930-1935, Kirovakan in 1935-1964, Qukark in 1964 and in 1993 Vanadzor. In 1931 2738, in 1959 5156, in 1970 7990 Azerbaijani lived in the region. This is equal to 12.7, 20.8 and 27.3 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 9 villages, in 1986 8 villages were Azerbaijanis.

Masis region ( now is under the Ararat marz)- the old name is Ulukhanli. “Zangi” is the old Turkish-kurdish tribe name. in 1937 was organized by the name Zengibasar. In 1953 was abolished. In 1965 again organized by the name Masis region. Situated in the south-west, has boundaries with Turkey. In 1931 9485, in 1959 9850 and in 1970 13576 Azerbaijani lived in the region. This is equal to 68.8, 34 and 29.4 percent of the whole region population. There were 25 in 1931 and 12 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Megri region ( now is under the Sunik marz)- the old name is Migri, for the honor of the Migri mountatin. Is situated in the south-east of the Republic. Has boundaries with Nakhcivan, in the south with Iran. In 1931 2334, in 1959 33 51, in 1970 3852 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 24.3, 28.5 and 27 percent of the whole population. There were 17 in 1931 and 6 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Novemberyan region ( now is under the Tavush marz)- the old name is Barana. It comes from Turkish state Qaraqoyunlu’s Barani tribe. Was organized in 1937. In 1938 name changed to Novemberyan. It is situated in north-east of the republic. Has boundaries with Azerbaijan and Georgia. In 1931 2007, in 1959 3087, in 1970 4450 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 7, 13.3 and 14.9 percent of the whole region population. There were 2 in 1931 and 2 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Sistan region (now is under the Sunik marz)- is situated in the south-east of the republic, has boundary with Azerbaijan. Was organized in 1930. Its name was Qarakilse in 1935, Sisavan in 1940. Then it was named Sisyan. In 1931 4008, in 1959 6212 and in 1970 7526 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 15.3, 21.6 and 23.9 percent of the whole region population. There were 15 in 1931 and 10 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Spitak region ( now is under the Lori marz)- is situated in the north of the republic. Was organized in 1937. Untill 1939 its name was Hamamli. In 1939 was named Spitak. In 1931 3241, in 1959 2796 and in 1970 4036 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 9.4, 7.9 and 9.4 percent of the whole region population. There were 3 in 1931 and 2 in 1986 Azerbaijani villages there.

Stepanavan region ( now is under the Lori marz) – the old name is Calaloglu, situated in the north of the Republic. Was organized in 1930. In 1931 68, in 1959 973 and in 1970 1482 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 0.2, 3.8 and 4.1 percent of the whole region population. In 1950 450, in 1970 772 Azerbaijani lived in Stepanavan city. Azerbaijani lived in 1931 18, in 1986 19 villages.

Tumanyan region (now is under the Lori marz)- was organized in 1930 and was named Alaverdi until 1959. In 1959 was named Tumanyan. Has boundary with Georgia in the north. In 1931 1117, in 1959 1856 and in 1970 2358 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 4.2, 5.7 and 5.8 percent of the whole region population. In 1959 211, in 1970 278 Azerbaijani lived in Alavery city. In 1931 7 and in 1986 7 Azerbaijani villages were there.

Tashir region ( now is under the Lori marz)- the old name is Qaraisa. Was organized in 1937. It was named as Vorontsovka, Kalinino in different times. It is situated in the north of the republic. Since 1990 names as Tashi region. In 1931 3128, in 1959 4952 and in 1970 7786 Azerbaijanin lived there. This is equal to 15. 19.7, 24.5 percent of the whole population. In 1970 764 Azerbaijani lived in Kalinino settlement. In 1931 10 and in 1986 8 Azerbaijani villages were there.

Vardenis region (now is under the Gerqakunik marz)- was organized in 1930. Situated in the north of the republic. Was named as Basarkecer region in 1930-1969. In 1969 was named as Vardenis. Basarkecer name is formed from the names of settlement Bazar and Turkish tribe Kucar. In 1931 17306, in 1959 17632 and in 1970 25781 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 57.0, 49.5 and 52.7 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 33, in 1986 33 Azerbaijani villages were there.

Vayk region (now is under the Dzor marz) – the old name is Pashali. In 1931 was named as Azizbeyov. In 1931 5061, in 1959 2250 and in 1970 4082 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 33, 19.6 and 24 percent of the whole region population. In 1931 21 and in 1986 8 Azerbaijani villages were there.

Yegeqnadzor region (now is under the Dzor marz)- is situated in the south-east of the republic. Was organized in 1931. In 1931-35 was named Keshishkend. In 1935-1957 was named as Mikoyan. Since 1957 name is Yegeqnadzor. In 1931 4052, in 1959 3967 and in 1970 5192 Azerbaijani lived there. This is equal to 18.8, 15.1 and 15.7 percent of the whole region population. Azerbaijani lived in 1931 26, in 1986 15 villages there.

Yerevan (Irevan, Erivan)- was the capital of Irevan khanate until 1828. In 1828-1840 was the center of Armenian Province, in 1840-1849 Irevan qaza, in 1849-1917 Irevan province. There were 3 estates until 1828- Sheher, Tepebashi and Demirbulaq (this are all comes from Turkish names). In 1831, during the census there were 7331 Azerbaijani-turk, 2369 Armenian in the whole 3 estates. Azerbaijani were 75.6 percent. After the Irevan khanate sank in a short term 1763 Armenian moved from Iran and Turkey to there. At the result Azerbaijani were 63.9 percent.
The increase of Yerevan population is not a result of natural growth; this is the result of mechanical increase. They realized the conception of “the capital of billion” and moved population from other places to there. Even for Armenians who worked for Arpa-Sevan tunnel, they built buildings in Yerevan. While population flowed to the city, the villages demolished. If there were 1242 settlement in 1931, it was 952 in 1995. About 290 villages were demolished. Mostly they demolished mountainous villages there Armenian lives. The Armenian population moved to the villages with good lands where Azerbaijani lived. Though Armenian government should think about the demolished 290 villages, they did not give up land pretension to Azerbaijan and continued violence.
Habib Rahimoglu: “Names which can not be deleted, wound that can not be cured”. Baku. 1997.

 

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08.10.2012 12:45

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